Zehra Yüksel / VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTROL STRATEGIES IN INTERIOR DESIGN
This research paper aims to investigate the chemical emissions affecting indoor air quality (IAQ), definition, species, sources and the effects of volatile organic compounds on human health and the Earth atmosphere and control strategies of these compounds indoors. In addition to this, in Turkey, the first sample green public building ‘Cezeri Green Technology Vocational and Technical High School’, has been analysed in terms of IAQ and ventilation systems in terms of the detection of volatile organic compounds indoor and measures taken against them.
In the measurement results made by the EPA National Emission Board, the annual emissions of pollutants in the environment are Sulphur dioxide (SO2) – 19.9 million metric tons (MT), Nitrogen Oxides (NOX) – 21.3 million MT, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) – 21.2 million MT, Particulate Matter (PM) – 2.42 million MT and Carbon monoxide (CO) – 88.5 million MT. In addition, NOX and VOCs generate significant amounts of bad ozone (O3) with photochemical reactions and cause global warming. The polluted air that we are exposed to every day is not only in the outside environment but mostly in houses, offices, hospitals, hotels, schools and so on, and according to the statements made by the WHO, indoor spaces are 2 to 10 times more polluted. Indoor pollutants (microbiological contaminants such as O3, CO and CO2, gaseous cigarette smoke, radon and mold, dust, VOCs and other important air pollutants) penetrate the human body through respiration, digestion and skin. Virtually, the most dangerous group of these pollutants, VOCs, are the most common and most hazardous chemical pollutants indoors on health. These compounds are hydrocarbons with a high vapour pressure of up to 260°C at boiling temperature and low solubility in water. These VOCs are typically directly related to the building and design materials used in the interior and to the way people live. These VOCs exposed to the interior are associated with many serious diseases. The details of the detection and decontamination of VOCs indoors to remove all these effects are also included in this research article. In order to protect and improve both the world and human health, the green building regulations, relevant standards and green building rating systems in almost all developed countries address the requirements for IAQ. Improvement of IAQ is based on some basic control strategies. First, the selection and use of certified materials with low emissions of VOCs is the most effective source control application. In addition, the availability of the existing ventilation system and the duration of ventilation in the building helps to reduce indoor pollutants by means of more fresh air circulation. Finally, whether or not the selected green public building has all the above mentioned characteristics is surveyed in the paper.
Key Words: Indoor Air Quality, Indoor Pollutants, VOCs, Low VOCs or VOC free Building Materials and Products, VOCs Removal and Destruction Methods, Impacts of VOCs.
Yahaya Idris Ali / EVALUATION OF INTERIOR DESIGN CRITERIA IN UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES: CASE STUDY ON UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
This research paper aim to analyse today’s libraries and its spatial spaces, performance, and its architecture to highlight the main factors that influence its design and to present some conceptual suggestion that will suit the planning of their interior spaces and the study will also aim to discover which attributes influence students spatial choice in today’s academic libraries looking into previous research analyses and data collected by previous researchers. However, encourages the new generation of library user, are erasing the modern days idea of reading books and research only in the library whereby, stereotypical image of the libraries of our childhood define silence ruled and judging between the values and important of the libraries to the users and the particular environment as a whole Considering both interiors and exteriors of some today’s libraries mention as a case from Europe. The library a chosen according to some criteria which include: Layout and space configuration, Colour, Furnishing, High Technology, lighting and illumination.
Key words: user perception, university library, public space, interior design, and design concept.
Faris Elamin / ADAPTIVE REUSE OF ABANDONED RELIGIOUS BUILDINGS: REUSE TYPES AND VALUES
Religious buildings generally represent a community’s common spiritual and cultural values, but the last few decades have brought many changes to the landscape of
religion in many different countries which dramatically changed the role of those religious buildings and led them to be abandoned and deteriorated or even demolished. Those changes are due to several reasons like the absence of their original owners or communities in the case of armed conflict between people of different religious affiliations, or in the case of displacement of communities and immigration, or even by being left to deteriorate and falling into ruin or by being appropriated for another purpose, and many different reasons which have been reviewed in this thesis. Today there are many religious buildings that are examples of these, and the adaptive reuse of those abandoned religious buildings generates many tangible and intangible values, since its becomes more and more important in a time when social, economic and demographic patterns of settlements are changing rapidly and concerns for the sustainability of buildings and resources are growing. Beside their fascinating architecture, abandoned religious buildings carry an inestimable cultural and heritage values. This dissertation investigates different re-use types of abandoned religious buildings from all around the world and assesses the suitability of new functions according to the values and architectural features of building.
Keywords: Adaptive Reuse – Heritage Conservation – Abandoned Religious Buildings –Reuse Typologies – Values of religious buildings.
Senay Bağadır / ANALYSIS OF DESIGN & CONCEPT RELATION IN FINE DINING RESTAURANTS, CASE STUDY: ALANCHA ALACATI
In fine dining restaurant design, satisfaction should be most important purpose. In order to meet the needs of customers and employees for restaurants, the operating scheme, space organization, concept and design should be taken care. These considerations provide a satisfaction for customer and the back-side employees.
Categorically, all types of restaurants deal with the same design considerations which are lighting design, color design, sound and acoustic design, heating, cooling and ventilation design, material design, exterior space design, etc. However, fine-dining restaurants should provide better quality food, service, concept and ambience than other restaurant types. Thus, in this research project the subject matter is to understand “what is the importance of concept & design relation in fine-dining restaurant design?” The outcome will be valuable for restaurant management, interior architects, architects, architecture and interior design students. The fine dining restaurant design can be considered in different variation such as ambience, concept, complianced with the site, functional sequences, materials, furnitures and successful integration between them. Therefore, the aim of this study should serve the analysis of fine-dining restaurant design, design in concept approach and create a guideline for successful fine dining restaurant design. As a result, the analysis was carried out on the design in concept of the selected restaurant; Alancha Alacati which is located in Cesme region and contains „fine dining restaurant‟ considerations.
Keywords: fine dining restaurant, restaurant design, restaurant organization, concept in design, concept in architecture, Alancha Alacati